Solidifier: Bounded Model Checking Solidity using Lazy Contract Deployment and Precise Memory Modelling

Pedro Antonino, A. W. Roscoe
The Blockchouse Technology Limited
University College Oxford Blockchain Research Centre

The exploitation of smart-contract vulnerabilities can have catastrophic consequences such as the loss of millions of pounds worth of crypto assets. Formal verification can be a useful tool in identifying vulnerabilities and proving that they have been fixed. In this paper, we present a formalisation of Solidity and the Ethereum blockchain using the Solid language and its blockchain; a Solid program is obtained by explicating/desugaring a Solidity program. We make some abstractions that over-approximate the way in which Solidity/Ethereum behave. Based on this formalisation, we create Solidifier: a bounded model checker for Solidity.